Ahankaror Egotism One who gives in to the temptations of the Five Thieves is known as " Manmukh ", or someone who lives selfishly and without virtue. Inversely, the " Gurmukhwho thrive in their reverence toward divine knowledge, rise above vice via the practice of the high virtues of Sikhism.
Posted on September 30, by Scott Alexander [Content warning: Try to keep this off Reddit and other similar sorts of things. All the townspeople want to forgive him immediately, and they mock the titular priest for only being willing to give a measured forgiveness conditional on penance and self-reflection.
They lecture the priest on the virtues of charity and compassion. Later, it comes out that the beloved nobleman did not in fact kill his good-for-nothing brother. The good-for-nothing brother killed the beloved nobleman and stole his identity.
Now the townspeople want to see him lynched or burned alive, and it is only the priest who — consistently — offers a measured forgiveness conditional on penance and self-reflection. The priest tells them: You forgive a conventional duel just as you forgive a conventional divorce.
He further notes that this is why the townspeople can self-righteously consider themselves more compassionate and forgiving than he is. Actual forgiveness, the kind the priest needs to cultivate to forgive evildoers, is really really hard. The fake forgiveness the townspeople use to forgive the people they like is really easy, so they get to boast not only of their forgiving nature, but of how much nicer they are than those mean old priests who find forgiveness difficult and want penance along with it.
Whether or not forgiveness is right is a complicated topic I do not want to get in here. You can forgive theft, or murder, or tax evasion, or something you find abhorrent. You can have all the Utility Points you want. The Emperor summons before him Bodhidharma and asks: How many Virtue Points have I earned for my meritorious deeds?
The Emperor, somewhat put out, demands to know why. Of course I have nothing against gay people! And today we have an almost unprecedented situation. We have a lot of people — like the Emperor — boasting of being able to tolerate everyone from every outgroup they can imagine, loving the outgroup, writing long paeans to how great the outgroup is, staying up at night fretting that somebody else might not like the outgroup enough.
This is really surprising. No one did any genetic engineering. No one passed out weird glowing pills in the public schools. And yet suddenly we get an entire group of people who conspicuously promote and defend their outgroups, the outer the better.
What is going on here?
But if the Emperor has curly hair, are straight-haired people part of his outgroup? I want to avoid a very easy trap, which is saying that outgroups are about how different you are, or how hostile you are. Compare the Nazis to the German Jews and to the Japanese. The Nazis were very similar to the German Jews: The Nazis were totally different from the Japanese: But the Nazis and Japanese mostly got along pretty well.
Heck, the Nazis were actually moderately positively disposed to the Chinese, even when they were technically at war. Nazis and German Jews. South African whites and South African blacks.
Israeli Jews and Israeli Arabs. Anyone in the former Yugoslavia and anyone else in the former Yugoslavia. So what makes an outgroup?
Proximity plus small differences. What makes an unexpected in-group?
The answer with Germans and Japanese is obvious — a strategic alliance. In fact, the World Wars forged a lot of unexpected temporary pseudo-friendships.
Sure, scratch the paeans even a little bit and you find condescension as strong as ever. But eight hundred years of the British committing genocide against the Irish and considering them literally subhuman turned into smiles and songs about shamrocks once the Irish started looking like useful cannon fodder for a larger fight.
There are certain theories of dark matter where it barely interacts with the regular world at all, such that we could have a dark matter planet exactly co-incident with Earth and never know.Essays in Philosophy Volume 14 Issue 2Cartesian Virtue and Freedom Article 15 July Review of "The Lucifer Effect.
Understanding How Good People Turn Evil" Maximiliano E. Korstanje. after reading about half of this article i have realized that instead of man's nature being either inherently good or evil we are instead cursed with the ability to decide for ourselves, in my AP English III course in high school we studied a criminal case that seemed to stem from an over infatuation with dominance and boredom, but at the same time i have seen people in incredibly similar.
Eminent social psychologist Phil Zimbardo has made a career on the study of coercion, obedience, and evil. After years of research he has developed a theory on how good people can turn evil. Provide people with social models of compliance.
Allow dissent, but only if people continue to comply with orders. Make exiting the situation difficult. Particularly notable, Zimbardo said, is that people are seduced into evil by dehumanizing and labeling others.
Below you will find five outstanding thesis statements / paper topics for “Frankenstein” by Mary Shelley that can be used as essay starters.
This little book by Alain Badiou is an intervention in the contemporary discourse on Ethics. Badiou targets "negative ethics", arguing that it is limited to forms of damage or violence minimization.