Today, you will complete 3 Steps, as yo study selected readings, maps, and other visuals, as well as research the internet in order to answer questions about Imperialism. As you read and find information, jot down important points that may be useful for your Final Task.
Map of colonial empires throughout the world in Map of colonial empires throughout the world in Map of colonial empires throughout the world in Map of colonial empires at the end of the Second World War, Activity that could be called colonialism has a long history starting with the pre-colonial African empires which led to the EgyptiansPhoeniciansGreeks and Romans who all built colonies in antiquity.
The word "metropole" comes from the Greek metropolis [Greek: The word "colony" comes from the Latin Colonia—"a place for agriculture". Spain initially the Crown of Castile and soon later Portugal encountered the Americas through sea travel and built trading posts or conquered large extensions of land.
For some people, it is this building of colonies across oceans that differentiates colonialism from other types of expansionism. These new lands were divided between the Spanish Empire and Portuguese Empire then still between Portugal and Castile—the Crown of Castile had a dynastic but not state union with the Crown of Aragon through the Catholic Monarchsfirst by the papal bull Inter caetera and then by the treaties of Tordesillas and Zaragoza.
This period is also associated with the Commercial Revolution. The late Middle Ages saw reforms in accountancy and banking in Italy and the eastern Mediterranean. These ideas were adopted and adapted in western Europe to the high risks and rewards associated with colonial ventures.
The 17th century saw the creation of the French colonial empire and the Dutch Empireas well as the English overseas possessionswhich later became the British Empire. It also saw the establishment of a Danish colonial empire and some Swedish overseas colonies. The spread of colonial empires was reduced in the late 18th and early 19th centuries by the American Revolutionary War and the Latin American wars of independence.
However, many new colonies were established after this time, including the German colonial empire and Belgian colonial empire. In the late 19th century, many European powers were involved in the Scramble for Africa. The Russian EmpireOttoman Empire and Austrian Empire existed at the same time as the above empires but did not expand over oceans.
Rather, these empires expanded through the more traditional route of the conquest of neighboring territories.
There was, though, some Russian colonization of the Americas across the Bering Strait. The Empire of Japan modeled itself on European colonial empires.
Map of the British Empire as of At its height, it was the largest empire in history. After the First World Warthe victorious allies divided up the German colonial empire and much of the Ottoman Empire between themselves as League of Nations mandates.
These territories were divided into three classes according to how quickly it was deemed that they would be ready for independence.
After World War II decolonization progressed rapidly. This was caused by a number of reasons.
First, the Japanese victories in the Pacific War showed Indians, Chinese, and other subject peoples that the colonial powers were not invincible. Second, many colonial powers were significantly weakened by World War II. Dozens of independence movements and global political solidarity projects such as the Non-Aligned Movement were instrumental in the decolonization efforts of former colonies.
These included significant wars of independence fought in Indonesia, Vietnam, Algeria, and Kenya. Eventually, the European powers—pressured by the United States and Soviets—resigned themselves to decolonization. In the United Nations set up a Special Committee on Decolonizationoften called the Committee of 24, to encourage this process.
European empires in the 20th century[ edit ] The major European empires consisted of the following colonies at the start of World War I former colonies of the Spanish Empire became independent before and are not listed; former colonies of other European empires that previously became independent, such as the former French colony Haiti, are not listed.
Colonial Governor of the Seychelles inspecting police guard of honour in The Battle of Isandlwana during the Anglo-Zulu War of The world's colonial population at the time of the First World War totaled about million people, of whom The home domains of the colonial powers had a total population of about million people.
Apart from the British Empire, they were not favored destinations for the immigration of surplus populations.colonialism and imperialism The term "empire" covers a range of ways of incorporating and managing different populations under the rule of a single dominant state or polity, as for example in the Roman Empire, the Carolingan Empire, and the British Empire.
Culture and Imperialism Quotes (showing of 16) “No one today is purely one thing.
Labels like Indian, or woman, or Muslim, or American are not more than starting-points, which if followed into actual experience for only a moment are quickly left behind. IMPERIALISM, FREE TRADE (Western Colonialism) Free trade imperialism was a nineteenth-century English political movement that advocated a primary focus on commercial domination, rather than formal colonization and territorial expansion.
Plan your lesson in Industrial and Political Revolution ( - ) and Social Studies with helpful tips from teachers like you.
Imperialism As the 19th century came to a close, many voices cried for American expansionism to match the imperialistic ambitions of Europe and Japan. The dream for global destiny was justified by such logic as the expansion of overseas markets, desire for a stronger navy, and the spreading of Christianity to uncivilized peoples around the globe. The new anti-imperialism was aligned against European and U.S. intervention in equal measure. The resonance of “Latin America” as a geopolitical entity, and as a basis for anti-imperialism, also gained force in the midst of the brief and tenuous, but nonetheless essential, political opening in the s and s across much of Latin. IMPERIALISM AND COLONIALISM- World History Notes for UPSC, Stage of capitalism, Imperial powers, Notes for UPSC mains, Notes for IAS Exam. In the tropics most Europeans died or could not sustain self-replicating populations.
Students will reflect on the experience of imperialism and gain an understanding of what that term means. Note: Some grade 11 sections are under construction and still link to old content. Also note, there may be more.
The fight against colonialism and imperialism in Africa. Highlighted Archive Collections. Impact of World War II: how the nature of political quest for independence in Africa changed after Imperialism As the 19th century came to a close, many voices cried for American expansionism to match the imperialistic ambitions of Europe and Japan.
The dream for global destiny was justified by such logic as the expansion of overseas markets, desire for a stronger navy, and the spreading of Christianity to uncivilized peoples around the globe.