Age of Discovery Quick Facts: British navigator and explorer who explored the Pacific Ocean and several islands in this region. He is credited as the first European to discover the Hawaiian Islands.
October 27, in Marton, England Died: Killed by natives at the Hawaiian Islands on February 14, Best known for: Exploring the South Pacific Biography: James Cook was a British navigator and explorer who sailed and mapped much of the South Pacific. Where did Captain Cook grow up?
James Cook was born on October 27, in Marton, England. His father was a farmer, but as James grew older he began to feel the lure of the sea. At around the age of 18 he took an apprenticeship as a merchant seaman.
Although he did well and was advancing in the merchant navy, Cook decided to enlist in the Royal Navy at the start of the Seven Years War.
It was during the Seven Years War that James became a master at map making. His ability at surveying, navigating, and creating large accurate maps was noticed by those high up in the Navy. The ship was a cat-collier that was typically used for carrying coal. It wasn't fast, but it was durable and could carry a lot of supplies.
Captain Cook introduced some rigid and innovative rules in order to keep his crew healthy and safe. He required his men to bathe every day, the ship to be kept very clean, and the bedding to be aired twice a week.
He also brought lots of fresh fruit to keep his men from getting scurvy. These rules and planning helped his men to stay healthy throughout the long voyages ahead. First Expedition Cook set off for his first journey on August 26, His main objective was to observe the planet Venus as it passed between the Earth and the Sun.
This would help astronomers to calculate the distance of the Sun from the Earth. He also hoped to find the fabled southern continent.
Routes of Captain James Cook through the South Pacific The first voyage is in red, the second in green, and the third in blue.James Cook was born on October 27, in Marton, England. His father was a farmer, but as James grew older he began to feel the lure of the sea.
The main results of his long and distinguished career were "Exploration of the Pacific" and "Life of Captain James Cook". In preparation for writing the Life, he produced the definitive modern editions of the Journals of Captain Cook (4 volumes) and the Endeavour Journals of Jospeh Banks (2 volumes).4/5(9). In the annals of seafaring and exploration, there is one name that immediately evokes visions of the open ocean, billowing sails, visiting strange, exotic lands previously uncharted, and civilizations never before encountered - Captain James Cook. Captain James Cook's last stop was in February, at the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) where he was killed in a fight with islanders over the theft of a boat. Cook's explorations dramatically increased European knowledge of the world.
His father was a farmer, but as James grew older he began to feel the lure of the sea. Early life and family.
James Cook was born on 7 November in the village of Marton in Yorkshire and baptised on 14 November (N.S.) in the parish church of St Education: Postgate School, Great Ayton. Watch video · Synopsis. Born on October 27, , in Marton-in-Cleveland, Yorkshire, England, James Cook was a naval captain, navigator and explorer who, in .
CAPTAIN COOK - Vast array of sets, singles and souvenir sheets, celebrating the life and explorations of Captain James Cook, in an album, along with stockbooks and more.
Included is a strong presence of British Commonwealth, especially Australia and Ne. Captain James Cook was a British explorer who visited six of the seven continents in three voyages occurring between and He was the first European to encounter the eastern coastline of Australia and almost found Antarctica.
James Cook helped the south seas go from being a vast and dangerous unknown area to a charted and inviting ocean.
Endnotes. Charles J. Shields, James Cook and the Exploration of the Pacific (Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, ), Richard Hough, Captain James Cook (New York: WW Norton & Co., )